Download as PDF or read online from Scribd Pipeline Design Construction Practical Pipelines Mohitpour - Pipeline Design & Construction - Parte Ied. Pipeline Design and Construction a Practical Approach M Mohitpour 2nd Ed - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf) or read book online. Pipeline Design and. Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Feb 23, , Reza Mosayebi Behbahani and others published Pipeline Design & Construction: A Practical Approach.
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pellwillfigalus.gq: Pipeline Design & Construction: A Practical Approach ( ): Mo Mohitpour, H. Golshan, A. Murray: Books. Title. Pipeline design & construction: a practical approach / by M. Mohitpour, H. Golshan, A. Murray. Also Titled. Pipeline design and construction. Author. Pipeline Design & Construction: A Practical Approach. Reza Mosayebi Behbahani. R. Mosayebi Behba Loading Preview. Sorry, preview is currently.
Obtaining approval: Once the design is finalized and the first pipeline customers have downloadd their share of capacity, the project must be approved by the relevant regulatory agencies. Surveying the route Trenching — Main Route and Crossings roads, rail, other pipes, etc.
Pipeline Design and Construction a Practical Approach M Mohitpour 2nd Ed
Installing the pipe Installing valves, intersections, etc. Covering the pipe and trench Testing: Once construction is completed, the new pipeline is subjected to tests to ensure its structural integrity. These may include hydrostatic testing and line packing.
Russia is the only country to have Pipeline Troops. These instruments are installed along the pipeline on some specific locations, such as injection or delivery stations, pump stations liquid pipelines or compressor stations gas pipelines , and block valve stations.
The information measured by these field instruments is then gathered in local remote terminal units RTU that transfer the field data to a central location in real time using communication systems, such as satellite channels, microwave links, or cellular phone connections. Pipelines are controlled and operated remotely, from what is usually known as the "Main Control Room".
In this center, all the data related to field measurement is consolidated in one central database. The data is received from multiple RTUs along the pipeline.
It is common to find RTUs installed at every station along the pipeline. The SCADA system at the Main Control Room receives all the field data and presents it to the pipeline operator through a set of screens or Human Machine Interface , showing the operational conditions of the pipeline.
To optimize and secure the operation of these assets, some pipeline companies are using what is called "Advanced Pipeline Applications", which are software tools installed on top of the SCADA system, that provide extended functionality to perform leak detection, leak location, batch tracking liquid lines , pig tracking, composition tracking, predictive modeling, look ahead modeling, and operator training.
Components[ edit ] The Trans Alaska Pipeline crossing under the Tanana River and over ridge of the Alaska Range Pipeline networks are composed of several pieces of equipment that operate together to move products from location to location. The main elements of a pipeline system are: Initial injection station Known also as "supply" or "inlet" station, is the beginning of the system, where the product is injected into the line. Storage facilities, pumps or compressors are usually located at these locations.
The location of these stations is defined by the topography of the terrain, the type of product being transported, or operational conditions of the network.
Partial delivery station Known also as "intermediate stations", these facilities allow the pipeline operator to deliver part of the product being transported. Block valve station These are the first line of protection for pipelines. With these valves the operator can isolate any segment of the line for maintenance work or isolate a rupture or leak.
Even though it is not a design rule, it is a very usual practice in liquid pipelines. Regulator station This is a special type of valve station, where the operator can release some of the pressure from the line.
Regulators are usually located at the downhill side of a peak. Final delivery station Known also as "outlet" stations or terminals, this is where the product will be distributed to the consumer. It could be a tank terminal for liquid pipelines or a connection to a distribution network for gas pipelines.
Leak detection systems[ edit ] Since oil and gas pipelines are an important asset of the economic development of almost any country, it has been required either by government regulations or internal policies to ensure the safety of the assets, and the population and environment where these pipelines run.
Pipeline companies face government regulation, environmental constraints and social situations.
Government regulations may define minimum staff to run the operation, operator training requirements, pipeline facilities, technology and applications required to ensure operational safety. For example, in the State of Washington it is mandatory for pipeline operators to be able to detect and locate leaks of 8 percent of maximum flow within fifteen minutes or less. Social factors also affect the operation of pipelines.
Product theft is sometimes also a problem for pipeline companies. In this case, the detection levels should be under two percent of maximum flow, with a high expectation for location accuracy. Various technologies and strategies have been implemented for monitoring pipelines, from physically walking the lines to satellite surveillance.
CPM takes information from the field related to pressures, flows, and temperatures to estimate the hydraulic behavior of the product being transported.
Once the estimation is completed, the results are compared to other field references to detect the presence of an anomaly or unexpected situation, which may be related to a leak.
The American Petroleum Institute has published several articles related to the performance of CPM in liquids pipelines.
This casing is vented to the atmosphere to prevent the build-up of flammable gases or corrosive substances, and to allow the air inside the casing to be sampled to detect leaks. The casing vent, a pipe protruding from the ground, often doubles as a warning marker called a casing vent marker. Because pipelines are usually metal, this helps to reduce the expansion and shrinkage that can occur with weather changes.
Pipelines for centralized heating systems are often laid on the ground or overhead. Pipelines for petroleum running through permafrost areas as Trans-Alaska-Pipeline are often run overhead in order to avoid melting the frozen ground by hot petroleum which would result in sinking the pipeline in the ground. Maintenance[ edit ] Maintenance of pipelines includes checking cathodic protection levels for the proper range, surveillance for construction, erosion, or leaks by foot, land vehicle, boat, or air, and running cleaning pigs, when there is anything carried in the pipeline that is corrosive.
Government regulations in Canada and the United States require that buried fuel pipelines must be protected from corrosion. Often, the most economical method of corrosion control is by use of pipeline coating in conjunction with cathodic protection and technology to monitor the pipeline. Above ground, cathodic protection is not an option. The coating is the only external protection. Pipelines and geopolitics[ edit ] Pipelines for major energy resources petroleum and natural gas are not merely an element of trade.
They connect to issues of geopolitics and international security as well, and the construction, placement, and control of oil and gas pipelines often figure prominently in state interests and actions. A notable example of pipeline politics occurred at the beginning of the year , wherein a dispute between Russia and Ukraine ostensibly over pricing led to a major political crisis.
Russian state-owned gas company Gazprom cut off natural gas supplies to Ukraine after talks between it and the Ukrainian government fell through. In addition to cutting off supplies to Ukraine, Russian gas flowing through Ukraine—which included nearly all supplies to Southeastern Europe and some supplies to Central and Western Europe —was cut off, creating a major crisis in several countries heavily dependent on Russian gas as fuel.
Russia was accused of using the dispute as leverage in its attempt to keep other powers, and particularly the European Union , from interfering in its " near abroad ". Oil and gas pipelines also figure prominently in the politics of Central Asia and the Caucasus.
Hazard identification[ edit ] Because the solvent fraction of dilbit typically comprises volatile aromatics like naptha and benzene , reasonably rapid carrier vaporization can be expected to follow an above-ground spill—ostensibly enabling timely intervention by leaving only a viscous residue that is slow to migrate. Effective protocols to minimize exposure to petrochemical vapours are well-established, and oil spilled from the pipeline would be unlikely to reach the aquifer unless incomplete remediation were followed by the introduction of another carrier e.
The introduction of benzene and other volatile organic compounds collectively BTEX to the subterranean environment compounds the threat posed by a pipeline leak. Particularly if followed by rain, a pipeline breach would result in BTEX dissolution and equilibration of benzene in water, followed by percolation of the admixture into the aquifer.
Pooled petroleum is unambiguous, readily spotted, and indicates the location of required repairs. Because the effectiveness of remote inspection is limited by the cost of monitoring equipment, gaps between sensors , and data that requires interpretation, small leaks in buried pipe can sometimes go undetected Pipeline developers do not always prioritize effective surveillance against leaks. Buried pipes draw fewer complaints.
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Pipeline Design Construction Practical Approach by Murray Golshan Mohitpour
The third edition of this highly successful volume is fully updated and includes new information on buoyancy control, Trenchless Crossing methods, as well as on Compressor Fuel Calculations and Optimization, Hydrotesting and LPG Pipelining. This book offers straightforward, practical techniques for pipeline design and construction, making it an ideal professional reference, training tool, or comprehensive text.
The authors present the various elements that make up a single-phase liquid and gas pipeline system, including how to design, construct, commission, and assess pipelines and related facilities. They discuss gas and liquid transmission, compression, pumps, protection and integrity, procurement services, and the management of pipeline projects. More complex specialty fluids are also covered, including CO2, H2, slurry and multi-products. Seller Inventory LIE Seller Inventory APC Seller Inventory M Seller Inventory ING Revaluation Books Exeter, United Kingdom.
Brand New. This item is printed on demand. Seller Inventory zk Item added to your basket View basket. Order Total 1 Item Items:Buried pipe is less vulnerable to accident damage e.
Shows some signs of wear, and may have some markings on the inside. Transportation pipelines Mainly long pipes with large diameters, moving products oil, gas, refined products between cities, countries and even continents.
Originally, copper pipes ran directly from the brewery, but when the brewery moved out of the city in the s, Thor Beer replaced it with a giant tank. The author explores the qualitative details, calculations, and techniques that are essential in supporting competent decisions. Pipelines at terminals for distributing products to tanks and storage facilities are included in this groups. The location of these stations is defined by the topography of the terrain, the type of product being transported, or operational conditions of the network.
They are insulated from extremes in ambient temperature, they are shielded from ultraviolet rays , and they are less exposed to photodegradation. Government regulations in Canada and the United States require that buried fuel pipelines must be protected from corrosion.