ESSENTIAL MATHS METHODS CAS 3&4 PDF

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Essential Math Methods 3/4 Textbook - Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text Essential Mathematical Methods 3 & 4 CAS Solution y a y b 1 –1 x . Appendix C: Guide to the Casio ClassPad II CAS Calculator in VCE Mathematics Cambridge Mathematical Methods Australian Curriculum/VCE Units 3&4 provides a Graphing quadratics in polynomial form It is not essential to convert a. Cambridge University Press, - Essential mathematics VCE pages, , English, Book; Illustrated, 9. Essential mathematical methods 3 & 4 CAS / Michael .


Essential Maths Methods Cas 3&4 Pdf

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If any of you want the pdf version of the Essentials Maths Methods 3&4 textbook TI Nspire CAS (), but I think the book is in TI Titanium. Essential Mathematical Methods 3&4 CAS Enhanced TIN/CP Version. You may also be Print Interactive Textbook PDF Textbook. Preview. Solutions; Mathematical Methods CAS Units 3&4. Mathematical Methods CAS Units 3&4 · Solutions book PDF · Start Shopping. Order your books now for fast.

The range of the a a image is 0. Example 5 Sketch the graph of each of the following: Exercise 5A 1 For each of the following. One member of this family is of such importance in mathematics that it is known as the exponential function. For how many days would you have to invest to double your money? It takes 1 minute to produce a marble. We shall investigate what happens to the volume of the marble as the rack is speeded up and try to answer the question.

Also let the original marble volume equal V0. This suggests that the rack should be speeded up. This property can be stated as: Give answers correct to three decimal places. To multiply two numbers in exponent form with the same base. The range of the function is R.

A logarithmic function is a one-to-one function. Logarithm laws We use the index laws to establish rules for computations with logarithms. Ensure the variable is set to x. Example 11 Solve each of the following equations for x: In this chapter.

Label the axes intercepts and asymptotes. State the maximal domain and range of each.

Jacaranda Maths Quest 12 Mathematical Methods VCE Units 3 & 4 2e

State the maximal domain of each. It will be treated as a variable. Using the Casio ClassPad Using the simultaneous equations template complete as shown. Rearranging to make y the subject: Solution Take the log10 of both sides of the equation.

Express your answer correct to two decimal places. Solution Taking log10 of both sides: An important consequence is the following: State the domain and range of the inverse.

It will be shown in Chapter 11 that if a quantity increases or decreases at a rate which is. End of year Amount. Physical situations where this is applicable include: Let A be the quantity at time t. Solution Set out in tabular form. Solution a Let P be the population at time t years measured from 1 January The value for k was held in the calculator. Assume that the growth is exponential. Consider the equation: The approximation 0. Calculate the values of the constants d0 and m.

The diameter after 1 year is 52 cm and after 3 years. B and C are the largest domains for which f. Which one of the following statements is true? B The range is R.

Label asymptotes and axes intercepts. E The slope of the tangent at any point on the graph is positive. Short-answer questions technology-free 1 Sketch the graphs of each of the following. For f: Find the value of k. Find the exact values of a. C It passes through the point 5. Find the exact values of a and b.

The number of Asla bibla alive at time t days after 1 January is given by: Give your answer to the nearest The population increased so that. Find the value of c. It is known that the model for the population of Asla bibla is satisfactory. Assume that the temperature of the water does not change. A and B are positive constants. The measure of this angle is 1 radian. To explore the symmetry properties of circular functions.

To solve problems with circular functions.

To find exact values of circular functions. To sketch the graphs of circular functions. To define the circular functions sine. Those formed by moving in a clockwise direction are said to be negative. Degrees and radians The angle. Give your answer correct to two decimal places. The x-coordinate of P. The position of point P on the circle can be described by relating the cartesian coordinates x and y and the angle.

There are. These functions are usually written in an abbreviated form as follows: The y-coordinate of P. Many different angles will give the same point. Your calculator is in Radian mode for a.

If a tangent to the unit circle. Give answers correct to two decimal places. From the symmetry relationships: The second solution is obtained by y symmetry. The distance between the mean position and the maximum position is called the amplitude.

A function which repeats itself regularly is called a periodic function and the interval between the repetitions is called the period of the function. Hence 0. When this transformation is Hence 0. Let x. State the amplitude and period.

State the period. Clearly indicate axis intercepts. List the x-axis intercepts of each graph for this interval. The amplitude is 6. Find values for A. Find the values of A and n. Range of tan is R.

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As previously discussed. The axes intercepts are determined by solving the equation: Sue Avery ISBN Photocopying is restricted under law and this material must not be transferred to another party.

The coordinates of the points of intersection are: C and D. In the following the convention is that: Note that in the screen shown. The calculator uses the notation constn 1 and constn 2 to represent constants when general solutions are found.

B cosv. In particular this is called the Pythagorean identity: By the theorem of Pythagoras: When was high tide? What was the height of the high tide? What was the height of the tide at 8 a. A boat can only cross the harbour bar when the tide is at least 1 m above mean sea level. When could the boat cross the harbour bar on 1 January?

Exercise 6N 1 The graph shows the distance d t of the tip of the hour hand of a large clock from the ceiling at time t hours. Thus the boat can pass across the harbour bar between and and between and The average depth of water in the port is 5 m. Describe the motion of the particle. At Find its least distance from O. Due to a malfunction the ride stops abruptly 1 minute and 40 seconds into the ride. The value of b is: The time in seconds for a full rotation of the wheel is: Clearly label axes intercepts.

State the number of solutions in this interval of the equations: The average depth of water at a point in the river is 4 metres. The graph shows the distance from the ceiling to the tip of the hour hand over a hour period. The clock has a diameter of cm. The weight is pulled down 3 cm from O and released.

Mathematical Methods CAS Units 3&4

Let y cm be the vertical displacement at time t seconds. At high tide the depth is 7 m. The following observations were made: Give value s correct to two decimal places. The circle has radius of 1. Label the horizontal asymptote. To be able to recognise the general form of possible models of data. To define composite functions and graph these new functions.

To understand and find inverse functions and relations. The graph of f g x is shown. Note that although there is a function in the menu for entering absolute value. The screen shows f g x. This will be seen for differentiation in Chapter 9. Find h g x. The inverse relation is not a function.

The function f: In fact. Recall that a relation S is a set of ordered pairs. The domain of the inverse is [1. Example 8 Find the inverse of the function g: With this value of a. Sketch the graph of f. What can be said in general about each of these? The family of functions of the form f: They can be used to discuss families of relations.

Their use makes it possible to describe general properties. Here are some familiar families of relations: Find the possible values of g x.

All constants are positive reals. For which values of c is the x-axis intercept less than or equal to 1? Find the inverse function of f. Find the x-axis intercept. For which values of m is the x-axis intercept less than or equal to 1? State the coordinates of the y-axis intercept. State the coordinates of the x-axis intercept. Find the maximum value of the function in the interval [0. The rule of the inverse relation is: The rules for f and g could be: The domain and rule of the inverse are: At what time was the rate of rainfall greatest?

Use the quadratic model to predict the rate of rainfall at Deficit in millions 0. Also state the domain and range of this function. FXS Xc A suitable restriction for f. If a is the smallest real value such that h has an inverse function. If O is the 5 origin. A possible equation for this parabola is: A a translation x. The domain of this inverse is: The inverse function will have: A 1 distinct real solution C 3 distinct real solutions E 5 distinct real solutions B 2 distinct real solutions D 4 distinct real solutions 65 The gradient of a straight line perpendicular to the line shown is: A —4 B 0 4 x Cambridge University Press.

How far above his head is the point E on the arch? Find the length of the bar. Determine the value of a. The height. The horizontal distance travelled by the football after being kicked is given by the formula: The population t years after 1 January is given by the formula: The rope is held 1. This occurred at exactly 2: It reaches a height of 2. Jenny measured the temperature of the water every hour on the hour for the next 10 hours and recorded the results. She found that the temperature T degrees Celsius of the water could be described by the equation: Commencing at 2: It was turned on.

Sketch the graph of T against t. A and B. B A The total length is 5 m. The circular cross-sectional area at end B is 0. Before the fault occurred the illumination in carriage A was I units and 0.

At how many stations did the train stop before this occurred? Find the temperature at midnight. The table shows the largest number of pieces f n into which it is divided by n cuts. The cross-sectional area diminishes by 1 a factor of 0. Call December month 0. January month 1. Point C is the vertex of the curve and a is a positive constant. Revision 11 a The graph is of one complete cycle of: OR in terms of h and k.

To differentiate rational powers. To understand and use the notation for the derivative of a polynomial function. To understand and use the product rule. To understand and use the quotient rule.

The chain rule. On Planet X. To differentiate functions having negative integer powers. To deduce the graph of the gradient function from the graph of a function. To understand the definition of differentiation.

To find the gradient of a curve of a polynomial function by calculating its derivative. To illustrate this. To understand and use the chain rule. Now that a result that gives the speed of an object at any time t has been found. Consider the limit as h approaches 0. Use your calculator to check these. The speed at time t is 1. Let P be the point t. The gradient of the curve at the point corresponding to time t is 1.

It is said that 2x is the derivative of x2 with respect to x or. So if x is a real number a similar formula holds. It can be seen that there is nothing special about a. From the discussion at the beginning of the chapter it was found that the derivative of 0. The straight line that passes through P and that has gradient 2a is said to be the tangent to the curve at P.

Example 4 Find: It has been found that the derivative of x 3 is 3x 2. The limit template can also be obtained through the 2D templates. Chapter 9 — Differentiation of polynomials. The following can be deduced from the work of the previous section: Copy and paste the answer to a new line. In Section 9. In this chapter only polynomial and rational functions are considered. In general. An alternative notation for the derivative is the following: Tap the and. Enter the derivative as shown.

Using the Casio ClassPad Press the keyboard button and select menu screen. The x-axis is horizontal. Example 11 dy. Some features of the graph are: They are not always positive. At a point a. In particular. This notation emphasises the need for consideration of domain. Example 13 Let f: Exercise 9C 1 Differentiate each of the following with respect to x: The chain rule states: Find the gradient of chord PQ.

Calculate the values of a and x b. This result may now be extended to any rational power. Thus we have the result for any non-zero rational power and. Then dx dx The product rule gives: The vertex is at the point with coordinates a. The derivative is known to be quadratic as g is cubic. Not all features of the graphs are known. The gradient to the left of 0 is —1 and to the right of 0 the gradient is The idea of left and right limits is further explored in Section 9.

Consider the absolute value function: In the answers to this book. The graph of sign x is given with the attributes set to a dotted line. Somewhat confusingly. The graph of signum x is given with the graph mode set to [ ]. It is apparent that as x takes values closer and closer to 2. Example 32 Find: The following are important results that are useful for the evaluation of limits: Likewise as x decreases without bound through negative values. It can be seen that as x increases without bound through positive values.

Symbolically this is written as: Left and right limits An idea that is useful in the following discussion is the existence of limits from the left and right. If the value of f x approaches the number p as x approaches a from the right-hand side. We say that a function is continuous everywhere if it is continuous for all real numbers. A function f is continuous at a point a if f a. Hybrid functions. Most of the functions considered in this course are continuous for their domains.

The polynomial functions are all continuous for R. Example 33 State the values for x for which each of the functions whose graphs are shown below have a discontinuity: It is continuous everywhere in its domain. The converse. For what values of x is the graph of this function continuous? Give reasons. A function that is continuous at x is not necessarily differentiable at x. The two graphs are shown. The graph of the derivative has medium line weight.

The graphs of the function and its derivative are graphed. There are hybrid functions that are differentiable for R. The two sections of the graph join smoothly at 0. B The curve passes through the origin. C The curve passes through the points with coordinates 1.

Then is equal to: The x-axis intercepts of the graph of this function are: It is known that: To be able to calculate the angles between straight lines and curves. To use the chain rule in the solution of related rates problems. To solve maxima and minima problems. Having the gradient.

To use the derivative of a function in rates of change problems. Suppose x1. To be able to find the stationary points on the curves of certain polynomial functions and to state the nature of such points.

To use differentiation techniques to sketch graphs of rational functions. The tangent can also be found in a Graphs application. From earlier work you should know that lines with gradients m1 and m2 are perpendicular if. Solution The point 1. Note that the results in are approximate calculations.

Ensure the graph window is selected bold border and tap Analysis—Sketch—Tangent. Different screen resolutions will give slightly different answers.

The equation of the tangent is shown in the formula line. Example 4 Find the equation of the tangent of: Enter the to produce function. Find the angle between l1 and l2. The 23 and as before: Solution The derivative of x2 is 2x. Find the obtuse angle lying between the curves at this point.

Find the acute angle lying between them at this point. Using Liebniz notation: Solution Let l1 be the actual length of the pendulum. Find the corresponding increase in the radius. A cm2. Find the increase in the area. T seconds. What is the approximate error for: Find the percentage error in the surface area. A point a. Give the answer in terms of g. At such points the tangents are parallel to the x-axis illustrated as dotted lines. Find its maximum displacement. Thus the stationary point is 3.

Note that the stationary point occurs when the rate of change of displacement with respect to 0 time velocity is zero. Example 12 1 The displacement. The reason for the name stationary points becomes clear if we look at an application to motion of a particle. The coordinates of the stationary point are 0. So the corresponding stationary point is 2. Transformations of the turning points: When the tracing point reaches a local minimum. Polynomial functions 4E Exercise 4E Example 28 1 Draw a sign diagram for each of the following expressions: Example 30 Draw a sign diagram for each quartic expression: For a polynomial P x of degree n.

But the graph of a polynomial of odd degree must have at least one x-axis intercept. The graph of a polynomial of even degree may have no x-axis intercepts: So the y-axis intercept is 1. Solution Note that Explanation Alternatively. Finding the rule for a parabola has been discussed in Section 4B. More generally. Sketch the graph of each of the following by applying suitable transformations: For those that are not of this form.

First express h x as the square of a quadratic expression. Find the value of a. Solution Explanation In each of these problems. The point 5. The point 3. Solve for a: The points 1. Solution The following equations can be formed: Equations 3 and 4 become: There are now only two unknowns.

Tap EXE. Example 34 y The graph shown is that of a cubic function. The function name f must be selected from the abc keyboard. The point 0. Find the rule for this cubic function. Example 36 The graph of a cubic function passes through the points 0.

By using the points 1. As the point 0. The point 4. The points 2. We now look at non-linear equations. They certainly can be solved with a CAS calculator. In the next example. Example 37 Solve each of the following literal equations for x: Example 38 Solve each of the following equations for x: Solution Equate the two expressions for y: Set the variables as x.

The multiplication sign is required between x and y. Using the TI-Nspire Two methods are shown: Exercise 4H Example 37 1 Solve each of the following literal equations for x: Tap N to enter the fractions. Find the possible values of c. The vertex or turning point is the point h.

Review Chapter 4: Clearly indicate coordinates of the vertex and the axis intercepts. Sketch the graph of: Chapter 4 review Express each of the following in turning point form: Polynomial functions 15 Find constants a. Multiple-choice questions 1 By completing the square. Its graph is shown on the right.

Which of the following could be the rule for f? It has x-axis intercepts at a. The graph is shown. The volume of water in the hemispherical bowl. The graph of Rnew against t is given by a dilation of factor 2 from the x-axis. The graph of Rout against t is given by the translation with rule t.

V cm3. Chapter 4 review A metal worker is required to cut a circular cylinder from a solid sphere of radius 5 cm. Hence show that the volume.

A cross-section of the sphere and the cylinder is shown in the diagram. The coordinates of the maximum point are approximately 5. If the length of the d It is decided to build the garden up to a height of 50 fence is m. B and C. D a Find the area. The coordinates of several points on the surface are given. Find the rule of the cubic function for which the graph passes through these points. Compare the graph of the resulting quadratic function with the graph of the cubic function.

Polynomial functions 7 The plan of a garden adjoining a wall is shown. Consider the quadratic formed when the x3 term is deleted. The borders of the two end sections are ym B C quarter circles of radius x m and centres at E and F. The cross-section is as shown.

To apply exponential functions in modelling growth and decay. Many of the concepts introduced in Chapters 1 and 3 — domain. To solve exponential and logarithmic equations. Our work on functions is continued in this chapter. To revise the index and logarithm laws. Some of these applications are further investigated in this chapter. Example 5 Sketch the graph of each of the following: Exponential and logarithmic functions Example 4 Sketch the graph of each of the following: Example 6 Sketch the graph and state the range of each of the following: A translation parallel to the x-axis results in a dilation from the x-axis.

In the following example we consider combinations of these transformations. We can use the method for determining transformations for each of the graphs in Example 6. Here we show the method for part c: Exercise 5A Example 1 1 For each of the following functions.

One particular member of this family is of great importance in mathematics. Exponential and logarithmic functions 8 9 5A For each of the following functions. For how many days would you have to invest to double your money?

The function e x can be found on y your calculator. Exercise 5B Skillsheet Example 7 1 Sketch the graph of each of the following and state the range: If the interest is compounded only once per year. The interest rate in each period r n r. Give answers correct to three decimal places. Index laws For all positive numbers a and b and all real numbers x and y: Exponential and logarithmic functions 5C Exponential equations One method for solving exponential equations is to use the one-to-one property of exponential functions: Exercise 5C 1 Simplify the following expressions: Exponential and logarithmic functions Example 9 3 Solve for n in each of the following: Further examples: Since a x is positive.

You can understand the practicality of base 10 by observing: In schools. Because the logarithm function with base e is known as the natural logarithm. By simplifying calculations. When logarithms were used as a calculating device. Base 10 logarithms are used for scales in science such as the Richter scale.

The inverse of the exponential function f: Hence loga n For example: Law 1: Logarithm of a product The logarithm of a product is the sum of their logarithms: Example 12 Express the following as the logarithm of a single term: Ensure the variable is set to x. Example 15 Solve each of the following equations for x: Exponential and logarithmic functions Example 14 Solve each of the following equations for x: For logarithms with other bases. Logarithms with other bases are obtained by pressing the log key ctrl 10x and completing the template.

Therefore both of these solutions are allowable. The logarithm with base e is available on the keypad by pressing ctrl ex. Exponential and logarithmic functions Example 12 2 Express each of the following as the logarithm of a single term: We make the following general observations: The mapping is x. The x-axis intercept is.

Exponential and logarithmic functions Example 18 Sketch the graph and state the implied domain of each of the following: Taking logb of both sides: To change the base of loga x from a to b where a. This gives: State the implied domain of each function. Label the axis intercepts and asymptotes. In this chapter. From 1: Use menu Note: Exercise 5G Example 24 Example Solution Taking log10 of both sides: Exponential and logarithmic functions 5G Example 27 Solve the inequality 0.

Express your answer correct to two decimal places. Therefore the inequality 0. Give exact answers. An important consequence is the following: In this section. State the domain and range of the inverse. The functions f: Example 30 5 Find the inverse of each of the following functions and state the domain and range in each case: Radioactive decay Radioactive materials decay such that the amount of radioactive material. Let N0 be the initial number of cells of this type.

After t minutes the number of cells. Cell growth Suppose a particular type of bacteria cell divides into two new cells every TD minutes. In this form. Let A be the quantity at time t. Example 32 What is the generation time of a bacterial population that increases from cells to cells in four hours of growth? Solution In this example. A radioactive substance is often described in terms of its half-life.

Exponential and logarithmic functions Example 33 After years, a sample of radium has decayed to Find the half-life of radium Thus 0. Population growth It is sometimes possible to model population growth through exponential models.

Example 34 The population of a town was at the beginning of and 15 at the end of Assume that the growth is exponential. Solution Let P be the population at time t years measured from 1 January The rate of increase is 7. The approximation 0. The value for k was held in the calculator. The population is approximately 17 Example 35 There are approximately ten times as many red kangaroos as grey kangaroos in a certain area.

Solution Let G0 be the population of grey kangaroos at the start. When the proportions are reversed: Section summary There are many situations in which a varying quantity can be modelled by an exponential function.

Give your answer to the nearest minute. The diameter is 52 cm after 1 year, and 80 cm after 3 years. Calculate the values of the constants d0 and m. Give your answer to the nearest year. The half-life of plutonium is 24 years. Carbon is a radioactive substance with a half-life of years. It is used to determine the age of ancient objects. How old is the fragment of cloth?

Give your answer to the nearest millibar. Give your answer to the nearest metre. A biological culture contains bacteria at 12 p. At what time will the culture exceed 4 million bacteria? Find the temperature of the liquid after 15 minutes. Five kilograms of sugar is gradually dissolved in a vat of water.

When observation started, there were bacteria, and 5 hours later there were 15 bacteria. Find, to the nearest minute, when there were bacteria. The inverse function of f: Assume that the rate at which the quantity A increases or decreases is proportional to its current value. Sketch the graph of each of the following. Solve each of the following equations for x, expressing your answers in terms of logarithms with base e: Find the exact values of a and b.

Find the exact values of a, b and k. Consider the three functions 1 1 , h: Which one of the following statements is true? Which one of the following statements is not true of the graph of the function f: It passes through the point 5, 0. The slope of the tangent at any point on the graph is positive. For the function g, the maximal domain and range are.

The maximal domain D of the function f: The population of a village at the beginning of the year was The population increased so that, after a period of n years, the new population was 1. There are two species of insects living in a suburb: It is known that the model for the population of Asla bibla is satisfactory.

Solve this equation for a. Find the exact value of B. Find the exact value of A. Assume that the temperature of the water does not change. To measure angles in degrees and radians. To define the circular functions sine, cosine and tangent. To explore the symmetry properties of circular functions. To find exact values of circular functions.

To sketch graphs of circular functions. To solve equations involving circular functions. To apply circular functions in modelling periodic motion.

Following on from our study of polynomial, exponential and logarithmic functions, we meet a further three important functions in this chapter. Again we use the notation developed in Chapter 1 for describing functions and their properties. In this chapter we revise and extend our consideration of the functions sine, cosine and tangent.

An important property of these three functions is that they are periodic. That is, they each repeat their values in regular intervals or periods. The sine and cosine functions are used to model wave motion, and are therefore central to the application of mathematics to any problem in which periodic motion is involved — from the motion of the tides and ocean waves to sound waves and modern telecommunications.

The diagram shows a unit circle, i. The measure of this angle is 1 radian. One radian written 1c is the angle subtended at the centre of the unit circle by an arc of length 1 unit. Express, in degrees, the angles with the following radian measures: Use a calculator to convert each of the following angles from radians to degrees: Use a calculator to express each of the following in radian measure. Give your answer correct to two decimal places. So we can define two functions, called sine and cosine, as follows:.

Circular functions From the periodicity of the circular functions: Example 3 Evaluate each of the following: Example 4 Evaluate using a calculator. Give answers to two decimal places. Your calculator should be in radian mode for a—e and in degree mode for f and g. Symmetry properties of circular functions The coordinate axes divide the unit circle into four quadrants. The quadrants can be numbered, anticlockwise from the positive direction of the x-axis, as shown. Using symmetry, we can determine relationships between the circular functions for angles in different quadrants: Quadrant 2.

By symmetry: Signs of circular functions Using the symmetry properties, the signs of sin, cos and tan for the four quadrants can be summarised as follows: Example 5 Evaluate: Give answers correct to two decimal places.

Thus we obtain: But x is in the 5 4 2nd quadrant. Note that radian mode must be selected. A function which repeats itself regularly is called a periodic function. The distance between the mean position and the maximum position is called the amplitude.

We first consider the case where a and n are positive numbers. The point with coordinates t. Solution Explanation a The amplitude is 2. When reflected in the y-axis. Explanation Solution The amplitude is 3.

Section summary For positive numbers a and n. Recall that sin is an odd function and cos is an even function i. Circular functions Example 13 Sketch the graph of f: Sketch the graph of f: State the amplitude and period.

These same techniques will be applied to solve more complicated trigonometric equations later in this section. First consider the corresponding equation for the 1st quadrant. Decide which quadrants will contain a solution for x. The value of sin x is negative for P x in the 3rd and 4th quadrants. This is achieved by a simple substitution. This can be done using your knowledge of exact values and symmetry properties. Then proceed as in the case above to solve for x.

Work out the interval in which solutions for x are required. Set the window appropriately by noting the range and period. Example 19 On separate axes. Use a calculator to help establish the shape.

The endpoints are 0. The transformation is a dilation of factor 3 from the t-axis. Exercise 6F Example 19 Example 20 1 2 3 4 5 Sketch the graph of each of the following.

State the period and amplitude. Example 21 Sketch each of the following graphs. Clearly indicate axis intercepts. Label the endpoints with their coordinates. List the x-axis intercepts of each graph for this interval. State the period. Example 23 Using the same scale and axes. We recall the following from Chapter 1: A table of values is shown on the right. The amplitude is 6. The period is 6. Circular functions 6I Determining rules for graphs of circular functions In previous chapters.

The amplitude is 3. Find A. The amplitude is 4. Since the period is 6. Find values for A. The amplitude is 2. Find the values of A and n. Find possible values for A. Find the values 3 of A. We will then apply this to finding the x-axis intercepts for graphs of the tangent function which have been translated parallel to the y-axis. Once we have found one solution for 2x. We recall the following exact values: Example 33 On the same set of axes.

Find values for A and n. The solution in the interval [0. By convention: Circular functions 6K General solution of trigonometric equations We have seen how to solve equations involving circular functions over a restricted domain. We now consider the general solutions of such equations over the maximal domain for each function. Note the use of 12 rather than 0. Replace constn 1 and constn 2 with n in the written answer. Then tap EXE. Circular functions Example 36 Find the first three positive solutions of each of the following equations: How long does it take for the wheel to rotate once?

Find the maximum and minimum distances of the point P above the ground. Sketch the graph of d against t.

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The wheel takes seconds to rotate once. Such functions can be used to model periodic motion. In the first rotation. Hence 3 the maximum distance is cm. Hence the c The minimum occurs when cos 3 minimum distance is 40 cm. Example 38 A wheel is mounted on a wall and rotates such that the distance. The point is 40 cm above the ground.

Thus the boat can pass across the harbour bar between When was high tide? What was the height of the high tide? What was the height of the tide at 8 a. A boat can only cross the harbour bar when the tide is at least 1 metre above mean sea level. When could the boat cross the harbour bar on 1 January?

At noon there is a high tide. Assume that the depth of water. Its position. Find its least distance from O. The average depth of water at a point in the river is 5 m. Describe the motion of the particle. Once all seats are filled.

The height. As each seat is filled. How many times will her seat pass the access platform in the first 2 minutes? How many times will her seat pass the access platform during the entire ride?

Due to a malfunction. Review Chapter 6: First look at the 1st quadrant: Clearly label axis intercepts. Self-made reference book that includes all the criteria on the methods study guide.

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Differential calculus must be used to determine them. We will see that in some cases using a calculator is the best choice.

Since a x is positive. To draw and use sign diagrams. You must be connected to the internet to activate your account and to use the Interactive Textbook. The seller has not specified a postage method to Ukraine. Students learn how mathematical concepts may be applied to a variety of life situations including business and recreational activities. Use menu Note: Note that for this example.

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